1 Thessalonians 5

The Day of the Lord

1 Now as to the 1times and the epochs, brethren, you 2have no need of anything to be written to you.
2 For you yourselves know full well that 3the day of the Lord will come 4just like a thief in the night.
3 While they are saying, "5Peace and safety!" then 6destruction will come upon them suddenly like 7labor pains upon a woman with child *, and they will not escape.
4 But you, brethren, are not in 8darkness, that the day would overtake you 9like a thief;
5 for you are all 10sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of 11darkness;
6 so then let us not 12sleep as 13others do, but let us be alert and 14sober.
7 For those who sleep do their sleeping at night, and those who get drunk get 15drunk at night.
8 But since 16we are of the day, let us 17be sober, having put on the 18breastplate of 19faith and love, and as a 20helmet, the 21hope of salvation.
9 For God has not destined us for 22wrath, but for 23obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
10 24who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live together with Him.
11 Therefore encourage one another and 25build up one another, just as you also are doing.

Christian Conduct

12 But we request of you, brethren, that you 26appreciate those 27who diligently labor among you, and 28have charge over you in the Lord and give you instruction,
13 and that you esteem them very highly in love because of their work. 29Live in peace with one another.
14 We urge you, brethren, admonish 30the unruly, encourage 31the fainthearted, help 32the weak, be 33patient with everyone.
15 See that 34no one repays another with evil for evil, but always 35seek after that which is good for one another and for all people.
16 36Rejoice always;
17 37pray without ceasing;
18 in everything 38give thanks; for this is God's will for you in Christ Jesus.
19 39Do not quench the Spirit;
20 do not despise 40prophetic utterances.
21 But 41examine everything carefully; 42hold fast to that which is good;
22 abstain from every form of evil.
23 Now 43may the God of peace 44Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your 45spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, 46without blame at 47the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
24 48Faithful is He who 49calls you, and He also will bring it to pass.
25 Brethren, 50pray for us.
26 51Greet all the brethren with a holy kiss.
27 I adjure you by the Lord to 52have this letter read to all the 53brethren.
28 54The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

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1 Thessalonians 5 Commentary

Chapter 5

The apostle exhorts to be always ready for the coming of Christ to judgment, which will be with suddenness and surprise. (1-11) He directs to several particular duties. (12-22) And concludes with prayer, greetings, and a blessing. (23-28)

Verses 1-5 It is needless or useless to ask about the particular time of Christ's coming. Christ did not reveal this to the apostles. There are times and seasons for us to work in, and these are our duty and interest to know and observe; but as to the time when we must give up our account, we know it not, nor is it needful that we should. The coming of Christ will be a great surprise to men. Our Lord himself said so. As the hour of death is the same to each person that the judgment will be to mankind in general, so the same remarks answer for both. Christ's coming will be terrible to the ungodly. Their destruction will overtake them while they dream of happiness, and please themselves with vain amusements. There will be no means to escape the terror or the punishment of that day. This day will be a happy day to the righteous. They are not in darkness; they are the children of the light. It is the happy condition of all true Christians. But how many are speaking peace and safety to themselves, over whose heads utter destruction is hovering! Let us endeavour to awaken ourselves and each other, and guard against our spiritual enemies.

Verses 6-11 Most of mankind do not consider the things of another world at all, because they are asleep; or they do not consider them aright, because they sleep and dream. Our moderation as to all earthly things should be known to all men. Shall Christians, who have the light of the blessed gospel shining in their faces, be careless about their souls, and unmindful of another world? We need the spiritual armour, or the three Christian graces, faith, love, and hope. Faith; if we believe that the eye of God is always upon us, that there is another world to prepare for, we shall see reason to watch and be sober. True and fervent love to God, and the things of God, will keep us watchful and sober. If we have hope of salvation, let us take heed of any thing that would shake our trust in the Lord. We have ground on which to build unshaken hope, when we consider, that salvation is by our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us, to atone for our sins and to ransom our souls. We should join in prayer and praise one with another. We should set a good example one before another, and this is the best means to answer the end of society. Thus we shall learn how to live to Him, with whom we hope to live for ever.

Verses 12-15 The ministers of the gospel are described by the work of their office, which is to serve and honour the Lord. It is their duty not only to give good counsel, but also to warn the flock of dangers, and reprove for whatever may be amiss. The people should honour and love their ministers, because their business is the welfare of men's souls. And the people should be at peace among themselves, doing all they can to guard against any differences. But love of peace must not make us wink at sin. The fearful and sorrowful spirits, should be encouraged, and a kind word may do much good. We must bear and forbear. We must be long-suffering, and keep down anger, and this to all men. Whatever man do to us, we must do good to others.

Verses 16-22 We are to rejoice in creature-comforts, as if we rejoiced not, and must not expect to live many years, and rejoice in them all; but if we do rejoice in God, we may do that evermore. A truly religious life is a life of constant joy. And we should rejoice more, if we prayed more. Prayer will help forward all lawful business, and every good work. If we pray without ceasing, we shall not want matter for thanksgiving in every thing. We shall see cause to give thanks for sparing and preventing, for common and uncommon, past and present, temporal and spiritual mercies. Not only for prosperous and pleasing, but also for afflicting providences, for chastisements and corrections; for God designs all for our good, though we at present see not how they tend to it. Quench not the Spirit. Christians are said to be baptized with the Holy Ghost and with fire. He worketh as fire, by enlightening, enlivening, and purifying the souls of men. As fire is put out by taking away fuel, and as it is quenched by pouring water, or putting a great deal of earth upon it; so we must be careful not to quench the Holy Spirit, by indulging carnal lusts and affections, minding only earthly things. Believers often hinder their growth in grace, by not giving themselves up to the spiritual affections raised in their hearts by the Holy Spirit. By prophesyings, here understand the preaching of the word, the interpreting and applying the Scriptures. We must not despise preaching, though it is plain, and we are told no more than what we knew before. We must search the Scriptures. And proving all things must be to hold fast that which is good. We should abstain from sin, and whatever looks like sin, leads to it, and borders upon it. He who is not shy of the appearances of sin, who shuns not the occasions of it, and who avoids not the temptations and approaches to it, will not long keep from doing sin.

Verses 23-28 The apostle prays that they might be sanctified more perfectly, for the best are sanctified but in part while in this world; therefore we should pray for, and press toward, complete holiness. And as we must fall, if God did not carry on his good work in the soul, we should pray to God to perfect his work, till we are presented faultless before the throne of his glory. We should pray for one another; and brethren should thus express brotherly love. This epistle was to be read to all the brethren. Not only are the common people allowed to read the Scriptures, but it is their duty, and what they should be persuaded to do. The word of God should not be kept in an unknown tongue, but transplanted, that as all men are concerned to know the Scriptures, so they all may be able to read them. The Scriptures should be read in all public congregations, for the benefit of the unlearned especially. We need no more to make us happy, than to know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. He is an ever-flowing and an over-flowing fountain of grace to supply all our wants.

Cross References 54

  • 1. Acts 1:7
  • 2. 1 Thessalonians 4:9
  • 3. 1 Corinthians 1:8
  • 4. Luke 21:34; 1 Thessalonians 5:4; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 3:3; Revelation 16:15
  • 5. Jeremiah 6:14; Jeremiah 8:11; Ezekiel 13:10
  • 6. 2 Thessalonians 1:9
  • 7. John 16:21
  • 8. Acts 26:18; 1 John 2:8
  • 9. Luke 21:34; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 3:3; Revelation 16:15
  • 10. Luke 16:8
  • 11. Acts 26:18; 1 John 2:8
  • 12. Romans 13:11; 1 Thessalonians 5:10
  • 13. Ephesians 2:3; 1 Thessalonians 4:13
  • 14. 1 Peter 1:13
  • 15. Acts 2:15; 2 Peter 2:13
  • 16. 1 Thessalonians 5:5
  • 17. 1 Peter 1:13
  • 18. Isaiah 59:17; Ephesians 6:14
  • 19. Ephesians 6:23
  • 20. Ephesians 6:17
  • 21. Romans 8:24
  • 22. 1 Thessalonians 1:10
  • 23. 2 Thessalonians 2:13
  • 24. Romans 14:9
  • 25. Ephesians 4:29
  • 26. 1 Corinthians 16:18; 1 Timothy 5:17
  • 27. Romans 16:6, 12; 1 Corinthians 15:10; 1 Corinthians 16:16
  • 28. Hebrews 13:17
  • 29. Mark 9:50
  • 30. 2 Thess 3:6, 7, 11
  • 31. Isaiah 35:4
  • 32. Romans 14:1; 1 Corinthians 8:7f; Romans 15:1
  • 33. 1 Corinthians 13:4
  • 34. Matthew 5:44; Romans 12:17; 1 Peter 3:9
  • 35. Romans 12:9; Galatians 6:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:21
  • 36. Philippians 4:4
  • 37. Ephesians 6:18
  • 38. Ephesians 5:20
  • 39. Ephesians 4:30
  • 40. Acts 13:1; 1 Corinthians 14:31
  • 41. 1 Corinthians 14:29; 1 John 4:1
  • 42. Romans 12:9; Galatians 6:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:15
  • 43. Romans 15:33
  • 44. 1 Thessalonians 3:11
  • 45. Luke 1:46; Hebrews 4:12
  • 46. James 1:4; 2 Peter 3:14
  • 47. 1 Thessalonians 2:19
  • 48. 1 Corinthians 1:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:3
  • 49. 1 Thessalonians 2:12
  • 50. Ephesians 6:19; 2 Thessalonians 3:1; Hebrews 13:18
  • 51. Romans 16:16
  • 52. Colossians 4:16
  • 53. Acts 1:15
  • 54. Romans 16:20; 2 Thessalonians 3:18

Footnotes 14

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the apostle discourses concerning the suddenness of Christ's coming, and the necessity of sobriety and watchfulness, and being on our guard with respect unto it, and then proceeds to exhort to several duties of religion, and closes the epistle with prayers for the saints, salutations of them, advice unto them, and with his usual benediction. Having spoken of the coming of Christ in the preceding chapter, the apostle signifies he had no need to write of the time and season of it; since it was a well known thing that it would be sudden, and at an unawares, like the coming of a thief in the night, and the travail of a woman with child, though certain and inevitable; and would bring sure destruction on wicked men, unthought of by them, 1Th 5:1-3 but such was the state and condition of the saints, being not in the night of nature's darkness and unregeneracy, but enlightened by the spirit of God, that they were not ignorant of these things, nor liable to be surprised unawares hereby, 1Th 5:4,5, however, in consideration of their being in the light, and not in darkness, it became them to behave accordingly, and not indulge themselves in sleep and sloth, but be watchful and sober, and on their guard, having on their spiritual armour, 1Th 5:6-8 and the rather, since they were not appointed to the wrath they deserved, but to salvation by Christ; whose end in dying for them was, that they might live together with him, and therefore should exhort and comfort, and edify one another, 1Th 5:9-11 and then follow various exhortations, some, which respect their ministers, their knowledge of them, love to them, and esteem for them, on account of their dignity, office, work, and usefulness, 1Th 5:12,13 others, which concern themselves and one another, as church members, 1Th 5:13,14 others, which regard also them that are without, 1Th 5:14,15 and others which relate to joy and thanksgiving, to prayer and praise; to the gifts of the spirit, and the ministry of the word; and to a trial and examination of what is good, and an abiding by it, and an abstinence from all evil, and every appearance of it, 1Th 5:16-22 and the whole is concluded with prayers for them, for their perfect sanctification, and entire preservation to the coming of Christ; which were put up in faith, grounded upon the faithfulness of God who had called them to grace and glory, 1Th 5:23,24 and with a request to them to pray for him, and other ministers of the Gospel, and to salute all the brethren, 1Th 5:25,26 and with a charge to read this letter to them all, 1Th 5:27 and with his usual benediction, 1Th 5:28.

1 Thessalonians 5 Commentaries

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