Proverbs 10

1 The proverbs of Solomon: A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.
2 Ill-gotten treasures have no lasting value, but righteousness delivers from death.
3 The LORD does not let the righteous go hungry, but he thwarts the craving of the wicked.
4 Lazy hands make for poverty, but diligent hands bring wealth.
5 He who gathers crops in summer is a prudent son, but he who sleeps during harvest is a disgraceful son.
6 Blessings crown the head of the righteous, but violence overwhelms the mouth of the wicked.[a]
7 The name of the righteous is used in blessings,[b] but the name of the wicked will rot.
8 The wise in heart accept commands, but a chattering fool comes to ruin.
9 Whoever walks in integrity walks securely, but whoever takes crooked paths will be found out.
10 Whoever winks maliciously causes grief, and a chattering fool comes to ruin.
11 The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life, but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.
12 Hatred stirs up conflict, but love covers over all wrongs.
13 Wisdom is found on the lips of the discerning, but a rod is for the back of one who has no sense.
14 The wise store up knowledge, but the mouth of a fool invites ruin.
15 The wealth of the rich is their fortified city, but poverty is the ruin of the poor.
16 The wages of the righteous is life, but the earnings of the wicked are sin and death.
17 Whoever heeds discipline shows the way to life, but whoever ignores correction leads others astray.
18 Whoever conceals hatred with lying lips and spreads slander is a fool.
19 Sin is not ended by multiplying words, but the prudent hold their tongues.
20 The tongue of the righteous is choice silver, but the heart of the wicked is of little value.
21 The lips of the righteous nourish many, but fools die for lack of sense.
22 The blessing of the LORD brings wealth, without painful toil for it.
23 A fool finds pleasure in wicked schemes, but a person of understanding delights in wisdom.
24 What the wicked dread will overtake them; what the righteous desire will be granted.
25 When the storm has swept by, the wicked are gone, but the righteous stand firm forever.
26 As vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes, so are sluggards to those who send them.
27 The fear of the LORD adds length to life, but the years of the wicked are cut short.
28 The prospect of the righteous is joy, but the hopes of the wicked come to nothing.
29 The way of the LORD is a refuge for the blameless, but it is the ruin of those who do evil.
30 The righteous will never be uprooted, but the wicked will not remain in the land.
31 From the mouth of the righteous comes the fruit of wisdom, but a perverse tongue will be silenced.
32 The lips of the righteous know what finds favor, but the mouth of the wicked only what is perverse.

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Proverbs 10 Commentary

Chapter 10

Through the whole of the Proverbs, we are to look for somewhat beyond the first sense the passage may imply, and this we shall find to be Christ. He is the Wisdom so often spoken of in this book.

Verse 1 The comfort of parents much depends on their children; and ( proverbs 10:2-3 ) the righteous may be poor, the Lord will not suffer him to want what is needful for spiritual life. Verse 4 . Those who are fervent in spirit, serving the Lord, are likely to be rich in faith, and rich in good works. Verse 5 . Here is just blame of those who trifle away opportunities, both for here and for hereafter. Verse 6 . Abundance of blessings shall abide on good men; real blessings. Verse 7 . Both the just and the wicked must die; but between their souls there is a vast difference. Verse 8 . The wise in heart puts his knowledge in practice. Verse 9 . Dissemblers, after all their shuffling, will be exposed. Verse 10 . Trick and artifice will be no excuse for iniquity. Verse 11 . The good man's mouth is always open to teach, comfort, and correct others. Verse 12 . Where there is hatred, every thing stirs up strife. By bearing with each other, peace and harmony are preserved. Verse 13 . Those that foolishly go on in wicked ways, prepare rods for themselves. Verse 14 . Whatever knowledge may be useful, we must lay it up, that it may not be to seek when we want it. The wise gain this wisdom by reading, by hearing the word, by meditation, by prayer, by faith in Christ, who is made of God unto us wisdom. Verse 15 . This refers to the common mistakes both of rich and poor, as to their outward condition. Rich people's wealth exposes them to many dangers; while a poor man may live comfortably, if he is content, keeps a good conscience, and lives by faith. Verse 16 . Perhaps a righteous man has no more than what he works hard for, but that labour tends to life. Verse 17 . The traveller that has missed his way, and cannot bear to be told of it, and to be shown the right way, must err still. Verse 18 . He is especially a fool who thinks to hide anything from God; and malice is no better. Verse 19 . Those that speak much, speak much amiss. He that checks himself is a wise ( proverbs 10:20-21 ) the just is sincere, freed from the dross of guile and evil design. Pious discourse is spiritual food to the needy. Fools die for want of a heart, so the word is; for want of thought. Verse 22 . That wealth which is truly desirable, has no vexation of spirit in the enjoyment; no grief for the loss; no guilt by the abuse of it. What comes from the love of God, has the grace of God for its companion. Verse 23 . Only foolish and wicked men divert themselves with doing harm to others, or tempting to sin. Verse 24 . The largest desire of eternal blessings the righteous can form, will be granted. Verse 25 . The course of prosperous sinners is like a whirlwind, which soon spends itself, and is gone. Verse 26 . As vinegar sets the teeth on edge, and as the smoke causes the eyes ( proverbs 10:27-28 ) is he that loves life? Let him fear God, and that will secure to him life enough in this world, and eternal life in the other. Verse 29 . The believer grows stronger in faith, and obeys with increased delight. Verse 30 . The wicked would be glad to have this earth their home for ever, but it cannot be so. They must die ( proverbs 10:31-32 ) wisely for the benefit of others. But it is the sin, and will be the ruin of a wicked man, that he speaks what is displeasing to God, and provoking to those he converses with. The righteous is kept by the power of God; and nothing shall be able to separate him from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus.

Cross References 54

  • 1. S 1 Kings 4:32
  • 2. S Proverbs 1:1
  • 3. Proverbs 15:20; Proverbs 17:21; Proverbs 19:13; Proverbs 23:22-25; Proverbs 27:11; Proverbs 29:3
  • 4. Proverbs 13:11; Proverbs 21:6
  • 5. ver 16; Proverbs 11:4,19; Proverbs 12:28
  • 6. Matthew 6:25-34
  • 7. Proverbs 13:25
  • 8. Proverbs 6:6-8; Proverbs 19:15; Proverbs 24:30-34
  • 9. Proverbs 12:24; Proverbs 13:4; Proverbs 21:5
  • 10. Proverbs 24:30-34
  • 11. ver 8,11,14; Proverbs 12:13; Proverbs 13:3; Ecclesiastes 10:12
  • 12. S Psalms 112:6
  • 13. S Job 18:17; S Psalms 109:13
  • 14. S Job 18:17; Psalms 9:6
  • 15. ver 14; S Job 33:33; Matthew 7:24-27
  • 16. S Psalms 25:21; Isaiah 33:15
  • 17. S Psalms 37:24; Psalms 23:4
  • 18. Proverbs 28:18
  • 19. S Psalms 35:19
  • 20. ver 27; Psalms 37:30; S Proverbs 3:18; S Proverbs 4:23; Proverbs 11:30; Proverbs 13:12,14,19; Proverbs 14:27; Proverbs 15:4; Proverbs 16:22
  • 21. S ver 6
  • 22. Proverbs 17:9; 1 Corinthians 13:4-7; 1 Peter 4:8
  • 23. ver 31; S Psalms 37:30; Proverbs 15:7
  • 24. S Deuteronomy 25:2; Proverbs 14:3; Proverbs 26:3
  • 25. Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 12:23
  • 26. S ver 6; S Psalms 59:12; S Proverbs 14:3; Proverbs 18:6,7; S Matthew 12:37
  • 27. Proverbs 18:11
  • 28. Proverbs 19:7
  • 29. S Deuteronomy 30:15
  • 30. Proverbs 11:18-19; Proverbs 15:6; S Romans 6:23
  • 31. Proverbs 6:23; Proverbs 15:5
  • 32. S Psalms 31:18
  • 33. S Job 1:22; S Job 6:24; Proverbs 17:28; S Proverbs 20:25; Proverbs 21:23; Ecclesiastes 5:3; James 1:19; James 3:2-12
  • 34. Proverbs 5:22-23; Isaiah 5:13; Jeremiah 5:4; Hos 4:1,6,14
  • 35. S Psalms 128:2
  • 36. S Genesis 13:2; S Genesis 49:25; S Deuteronomy 8:18; Genesis 24:35; Psalms 37:22
  • 37. S 2 Chronicles 25:9
  • 38. S Proverbs 2:14; Proverbs 15:21
  • 39. Isaiah 65:7; Isaiah 66:4
  • 40. S Genesis 42:36
  • 41. S Psalms 37:4; Psalms 145:17-19; Ezekiel 11:8; Matthew 5:6; 1 John 5:14-15
  • 42. S Psalms 20:8; Psalms 15:5
  • 43. Proverbs 12:3,7; Matthew 7:24-27
  • 44. Isaiah 65:5
  • 45. Proverbs 13:17; Proverbs 25:13; Proverbs 26:6
  • 46. S ver 11; Deuteronomy 11:9; Proverbs 9:10-11; Proverbs 19:23; Proverbs 22:4
  • 47. S Job 15:32
  • 48. Esther 7:10; S Job 8:13; Psalms 112:10; Proverbs 11:7
  • 49. Proverbs 21:15; Hosea 14:9
  • 50. Ps 37:9,28-29; S Proverbs 2:20-22
  • 51. S ver 13; S Proverbs 15:2; Proverbs 31:26; Psalms 37:30
  • 52. S Psalms 52:4
  • 53. Ecclesiastes 10:12
  • 54. S Psalms 59:7

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Or "righteous, / but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence"
  • [b]. See Gen. 48:20.

Chapter Summary


From this chapter to the "twenty fifth" are various proverbial sentences, without any very apparent connection or coherence with each other; describing righteous and wicked men; setting forth their different temper, conduct, and actions, and the fruits and effects of them. It should be observed, that frequently in the preceding chapters two persons are represented as women; one goes by the name of "Wisdom", the other is called the "foolish" woman and a "harlot"; the former is clearly to be understood of Christ; and the latter, being opposed to him, must be antichrist, the whore of Rome, and mother of harlots: now in the following part of this book two sorts of persons are spoken of; the one as wise, righteous, good and the other as foolish, wicked, &c. who are no other than the followers of Christ and antichrist; which observation is a key to the whole book.

Proverbs 10 Commentaries

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