Zechariah 2

A Man With a Measuring Line

1 Then I looked up, and there before me was a man with a measuring line in his hand.
2 I asked, “Where are you going?” He answered me, “To measure Jerusalem, to find out how wide and how long it is.”
3 While the angel who was speaking to me was leaving, another angel came to meet him
4 and said to him: “Run, tell that young man, ‘Jerusalem will be a city without walls because of the great number of people and animals in it.
5 And I myself will be a wall of fire around it,’ declares the LORD, ‘and I will be its glory within.’
6 “Come! Come! Flee from the land of the north,” declares the LORD, “for I have scattered you to the four winds of heaven,” declares the LORD.
7 “Come, Zion! Escape, you who live in Daughter Babylon!”
8 For this is what the LORD Almighty says: “After the Glorious One has sent me against the nations that have plundered you—for whoever touches you touches the apple of his eye—
9 I will surely raise my hand against them so that their slaves will plunder them.[a] Then you will know that the LORD Almighty has sent me.
10 “Shout and be glad, Daughter Zion. For I am coming, and I will live among you,” declares the LORD.
11 “Many nations will be joined with the LORD in that day and will become my people. I will live among you and you will know that the LORD Almighty has sent me to you.
12 The LORD will inherit Judah as his portion in the holy land and will again choose Jerusalem.
13 Be still before the LORD, all mankind, because he has roused himself from his holy dwelling.”

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Zechariah 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

The prosperity of Jerusalem. (1-5) The Jews called to return to their own land. (6-9) A promise of God's presence. (10-13)

Verses 1-5 The Son of David, even the Man Christ Jesus, whom the prophet sees with a measuring line in his hand, is the Master-Builder of his church. God notices the extent of his church, and will take care that whatever number of guests are brought to the wedding-supper, there shall be room. This vision means well to Jerusalem. The walls of a city, as they defend it, so they straiten its inhabitants; but Jerusalem shall be extended as freely as if it had no walls at all, yet shall be as safe as if it had the strongest walls. In the church of God there yet is room for other multitudes, more than man can number. None shall be refused who trust in Christ; and He never shuts out from heaven one true member of the church on earth. God will be a Wall of fire round them, which can neither be broken through nor undermined, nor can it be assailed without danger to those who attack. This vision was to have its full accomplishment in the gospel church, which is extended by admitting the Gentiles into it; and which has the Son of God for its Prince and Protector; especially in the glorious times yet to come.

Verses 6-9 If God will build Jerusalem for the people and their comfort, they must inhabit it for him and his glory. The promises and privileges with which God's people are blessed, should engage us to join them, whatever it costs us. When Zion is enlarged to make room for all God's Israel, it is the greatest madness for any of them to stay in Babylon. The captivity of a sinful state is by no means to be continued in, though a man may be easy in worldly matters. Escape for thy life, look not behind thee. Christ has proclaimed that deliverance to the captives, which he has himself wrought out, and it concerns every one to resolve that sin shall not have dominion over him. Those who would be found among God's children, must save themselves from this world, see ( Acts 2:40 ) . What Christ will do for his church, shall be an evident proof of God's care and affection. He that touches you, touches the apple of his eye. This is a strong expression of God's love to his church. He takes what is done against her as done against the tenderest part of the eye, to which the least touch is a great offence. Christ is sent to be the Protector of his church.

Verses 10-13 Here is a prediction of the coming of Christ in human nature. Many nations in that day would renounce idolatry, and God will own those for his people who join him with purpose of heart. Glorious times are foretold as a prophecy of our Lord's coming and kingdom. God is about to do something unexpected, and very surprising, and to plead his people's cause, which had long seemed neglected. Silently submit to his holy will, and patiently wait the event; assured that God will complete all his work. He will ere long come to judgment, to complete the salvation of his people, and to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their sins.

Cross References 29

  • 1. S Ezekiel 40:3; S Zechariah 1:16; Revelation 21:15
  • 2. S Ezekiel 38:11
  • 3. S Isaiah 49:20; S Jeremiah 30:19; S Jeremiah 33:22
  • 4. Zechariah 14:11
  • 5. S Isaiah 26:1; Ezekiel 42:20
  • 6. S Isaiah 10:17
  • 7. S Psalms 85:9; S Isaiah 11:10; S Isaiah 24:23; Revelation 21:23
  • 8. S Psalms 125:2
  • 9. S Psalms 46:5; S Ezekiel 38:14
  • 10. S Psalms 44:11
  • 11. S Ezekiel 17:21; S Ezekiel 37:9
  • 12. Matthew 24:31; Mark 13:27
  • 13. S Isaiah 42:7
  • 14. S Isaiah 48:20; Jeremiah 3:18
  • 15. S Deuteronomy 32:10
  • 16. S Isaiah 14:2; S Jeremiah 12:14; S Habakkuk 2:8
  • 17. S Isaiah 48:16; Zechariah 4:9; Zechariah 6:15
  • 18. S Zephaniah 3:14
  • 19. S Isaiah 23:12; S Zephaniah 3:14
  • 20. Zechariah 9:9
  • 21. S Exodus 25:8; Leviticus 26:12; S Numbers 23:21; Zechariah 8:3
  • 22. S Revelation 21:3
  • 23. S Jeremiah 24:7; S Micah 4:2; Zec 8:8,20-22
  • 24. Zechariah 4:9; Zechariah 6:15
  • 25. S Exodus 34:9; Deuteronomy 32:9; Psalms 33:12; Jeremiah 10:16
  • 26. Jeremiah 40:5
  • 27. S Deuteronomy 12:5; S Isaiah 14:1; Zechariah 1:17
  • 28. S Exodus 14:14; S Isaiah 41:1; Habakkuk 2:20
  • 29. S Deuteronomy 26:15

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "says after … eye: " 9"“I … plunder them.”"

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains a prophecy of the church under the Gospel dispensation; of the largeness and numbers of it; and of its protection and glory, through the presence of God in it. In this vision a man is seen with a measuring line in his hand, to measure Jerusalem with, Zec 2:1,2 upon which an angel bids the angel that talked with the prophet to declare to him the largeness, populousness, and safety of Jerusalem, Zec 2:3-5 then follows an exhortation to the people of God to come out of Babylon, Zec 2:6,7 and then a promise of the calling of the Gentiles, and of God's gracious inhabitation in his church, which would be matter of joy to Zion; and of his inheriting Judah, and choosing Jerusalem Zec 2:8-12 and the chapter is concluded with an address to all mankind, to be silent before the Lord, since he was raised up out of his habitation, Zec 2:13.

Zechariah 2 Commentaries

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