1 The elders which [are] among you I exhort, who [am their] fellow-elder and witness of the sufferings of the Christ, who also [am] partaker of the glory about to be revealed:

References for 1 Peter 5:1

    • a 5:1 - Koinonos: see Heb. 2.14.
      2 shepherd the flock of God which [is] among you, exercising oversight, not by necessity, but willingly; not for base gain, but readily;
      3 not as lording it over your possessions, but being models for the flock.

      References for 1 Peter 5:3

        • b 5:3 - Lit. 'the possessions.' What they are is wholly beside the mark. No doubt the saints were in his thoughts; but the character of the elders' conduct is what is in question. If there were no article, it would mean 'not like persons who lord it over possessions:' but here it is more definite. Do not be as persons lording it over your possessions, viewing the saints as something belonging to you. 'Possessions' is not the name of the flock, but the flock was not to be treated as the 'possessions' of the elders.
          4 And when the chief shepherd is manifested ye shall receive the unfading crown of glory.

          References for 1 Peter 5:4

            • c 5:4 - Or 'amaranthine,' the amaranth plant being an image of that which does not fade or wither. The sense is the same.
              5 Likewise [ye] younger, be subject to [the] elder, and all of you bind on humility towards one another; for God sets himself against [the] proud, but to [the] humble gives grace.

              References for 1 Peter 5:5

                • d 5:5 - See Prov. 3.34.
                  6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in [the due] time;
                  7 having cast all your care upon him, for he cares about you.
                  8 Be vigilant, watch. Your adversary [the] devil as a roaring lion walks about seeking whom he may devour.
                  9 Whom resist, stedfast in faith, knowing that the selfsame sufferings are accomplished in your brotherhood which [is] in [the] world.

                  References for 1 Peter 5:9

                    • e 5:9 - Or 'be humbled,' aorist; also 'vigilant,' 'watch,' and 'resist' refer to characters to be won: see Note g, ver. 2.
                    • f 5:9 - Or 'the faith.' It might be 'through faith.'
                      10 But the God of all grace who has called you to his eternal glory in Christ Jesus, when ye have suffered for a little while, himself shall make perfect, stablish, strengthen, ground:
                      11 to him [be] the glory and the might for the ages of the ages. Amen.
                      12 By Silvanus, the faithful brother, as I suppose, I have written to you briefly; exhorting and testifying that this is [the] true grace of God in which ye stand.

                      References for 1 Peter 5:12

                        • g 5:12 - Or read 'to you' after 'faithful brother' and not after 'written.'
                        • h 5:12 - Many read 'in which stand' (imperative).
                          13 She that is elected with [you] in Babylon salutes you, and Marcus my son.
                          14 Salute one another with a kiss of love. Peace be with you all who [are] in Christ.