Genesis 34

Dinah and the Shechemites

1 Now Dinah, the daughter Leah had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the women of the land.
2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, the ruler of that area, saw her, he took her and raped her.
3 His heart was drawn to Dinah daughter of Jacob; he loved the young woman and spoke tenderly to her.
4 And Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Get me this girl as my wife.”
5 When Jacob heard that his daughter Dinah had been defiled, his sons were in the fields with his livestock; so he did nothing about it until they came home.
6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went out to talk with Jacob.
7 Meanwhile, Jacob’s sons had come in from the fields as soon as they heard what had happened. They were shocked and furious, because Shechem had done an outrageous thing in[a] Israel by sleeping with Jacob’s daughter—a thing that should not be done.
8 But Hamor said to them, “My son Shechem has his heart set on your daughter. Please give her to him as his wife.
9 Intermarry with us; give us your daughters and take our daughters for yourselves.
10 You can settle among us; the land is open to you. Live in it, trade[b] in it, and acquire property in it.”
11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your eyes, and I will give you whatever you ask.
12 Make the price for the bride and the gift I am to bring as great as you like, and I’ll pay whatever you ask me. Only give me the young woman as my wife.”
13 Because their sister Dinah had been defiled, Jacob’s sons replied deceitfully as they spoke to Shechem and his father Hamor.
14 They said to them, “We can’t do such a thing; we can’t give our sister to a man who is not circumcised. That would be a disgrace to us.
15 We will enter into an agreement with you on one condition only: that you become like us by circumcising all your males.
16 Then we will give you our daughters and take your daughters for ourselves. We’ll settle among you and become one people with you.
17 But if you will not agree to be circumcised, we’ll take our sister and go.”
18 Their proposal seemed good to Hamor and his son Shechem.
19 The young man, who was the most honored of all his father’s family, lost no time in doing what they said, because he was delighted with Jacob’s daughter.
20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate of their city to speak to the men of their city.
21 “These men are friendly toward us,” they said. “Let them live in our land and trade in it; the land has plenty of room for them. We can marry their daughters and they can marry ours.
22 But the men will agree to live with us as one people only on the condition that our males be circumcised, as they themselves are.
23 Won’t their livestock, their property and all their other animals become ours? So let us agree to their terms, and they will settle among us.”
24 All the men who went out of the city gate agreed with Hamor and his son Shechem, and every male in the city was circumcised.
25 Three days later, while all of them were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, took their swords and attacked the unsuspecting city, killing every male.
26 They put Hamor and his son Shechem to the sword and took Dinah from Shechem’s house and left.
27 The sons of Jacob came upon the dead bodies and looted the city where[c] their sister had been defiled.
28 They seized their flocks and herds and donkeys and everything else of theirs in the city and out in the fields.
29 They carried off all their wealth and all their women and children, taking as plunder everything in the houses.
30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me by making me obnoxious to the Canaanites and Perizzites, the people living in this land. We are few in number, and if they join forces against me and attack me, I and my household will be destroyed.”
31 But they replied, “Should he have treated our sister like a prostitute?”

Cross References 60

  • 1. S Genesis 30:21
  • 2. S Genesis 33:19
  • 3. S Genesis 33:19
  • 4. S Genesis 10:17
  • 5. Deuteronomy 21:14; 2 Samuel 13:14
  • 6. ver 26
  • 7. ver 19
  • 8. S Genesis 24:67
  • 9. Genesis 50:21; Isaiah 14:1; Isaiah 40:2
  • 10. S Genesis 21:21
  • 11. ver 2,13,27; Genesis 35:22; Genesis 49:4; Deuteronomy 27:20; Deuteronomy 33:6; 1 Chronicles 5:1
  • 12. Judges 14:2-5
  • 13. 1 Corinthians 5:2
  • 14. Genesis 39:19; Genesis 49:6-7; 2 Samuel 12:5; 2 Samuel 13:21; Esther 7:7; Proverbs 6:34
  • 15. Deuteronomy 22:21; Judges 19:23; Judges 20:6; 2 Samuel 13:12; Jeremiah 29:23
  • 16. S Genesis 20:9; Joshua 7:15
  • 17. S Genesis 21:21; Deuteronomy 21:11
  • 18. ver 16,21; Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 23:12
  • 19. ver 23; Genesis 46:34; Genesis 47:6,27
  • 20. S Genesis 13:9; Genesis 20:15
  • 21. Genesis 42:34
  • 22. S Genesis 33:19
  • 23. S Genesis 32:5
  • 24. Exodus 22:16; Deuteronomy 22:29; 1 Samuel 18:25
  • 25. S ver 5
  • 26. S Genesis 27:36
  • 27. Genesis 17:14; Judges 14:3; 1 Samuel 31:4; Isaiah 52:1
  • 28. 1 Samuel 11:2
  • 29. ver 22; Exodus 12:48
  • 30. S ver 9
  • 31. S Genesis 33:19
  • 32. Genesis 49:3; 1 Chronicles 11:21
  • 33. ver 3
  • 34. S Genesis 18:1; Ruth 4:1; 2 Samuel 15:2
  • 35. S Genesis 33:19
  • 36. S ver 9
  • 37. S ver 15
  • 38. ver 28; S Genesis 12:16
  • 39. S ver 10
  • 40. S Genesis 18:1; Genesis 23:10
  • 41. Joshua 5:8
  • 42. S Genesis 29:33
  • 43. S Genesis 29:34
  • 44. Genesis 49:5; Malachi 2:16
  • 45. Jdg 18:7,10,27; Ezekiel 38:11
  • 46. Genesis 49:7
  • 47. S ver 7; Genesis 48:22
  • 48. ver 3
  • 49. 2 Kings 21:14
  • 50. S ver 5
  • 51. Genesis 43:18
  • 52. S ver 23
  • 53. S Genesis 31:26
  • 54. Numbers 14:3; Numbers 31:9,53; Deuteronomy 2:35; Joshua 7:21
  • 55. 2 Kings 8:12; Isaiah 13:16; Lamentations 5:11; Amos 1:13; Zechariah 14:2
  • 56. Genesis 43:6; Exodus 5:23; Numbers 11:11
  • 57. Exodus 5:21; Exodus 6:9; 1 Samuel 13:4; 1 Samuel 27:12; 2 Samuel 10:6; 1 Chronicles 19:6
  • 58. S Genesis 13:7
  • 59. Genesis 35:26; Genesis 46:27; Exodus 1:5; Deuteronomy 10:22; Deuteronomy 26:5; 1 Chronicles 16:19; Psalms 105:12
  • 60. ver 2

Footnotes 3

Genesis 34 Commentaries

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