Job 10

1 “I loathe my very life; therefore I will give free rein to my complaint and speak out in the bitterness of my soul.
2 I say to God: Do not declare me guilty, but tell me what charges you have against me.
3 Does it please you to oppress me, to spurn the work of your hands, while you smile on the plans of the wicked?
4 Do you have eyes of flesh? Do you see as a mortal sees?
5 Are your days like those of a mortal or your years like those of a strong man,
6 that you must search out my faults and probe after my sin—
7 though you know that I am not guilty and that no one can rescue me from your hand?
8 “Your hands shaped me and made me. Will you now turn and destroy me?
9 Remember that you molded me like clay. Will you now turn me to dust again?
10 Did you not pour me out like milk and curdle me like cheese,
11 clothe me with skin and flesh and knit me together with bones and sinews?
12 You gave me life and showed me kindness, and in your providence watched over my spirit.
13 “But this is what you concealed in your heart, and I know that this was in your mind:
14 If I sinned, you would be watching me and would not let my offense go unpunished.
15 If I am guilty—woe to me! Even if I am innocent, I cannot lift my head, for I am full of shame and drowned in[a] my affliction.
16 If I hold my head high, you stalk me like a lion and again display your awesome power against me.
17 You bring new witnesses against me and increase your anger toward me; your forces come against me wave upon wave.
18 “Why then did you bring me out of the womb? I wish I had died before any eye saw me.
19 If only I had never come into being, or had been carried straight from the womb to the grave!
20 Are not my few days almost over? Turn away from me so I can have a moment’s joy
21 before I go to the place of no return, to the land of gloom and utter darkness,
22 to the land of deepest night, of utter darkness and disorder, where even the light is like darkness.”

Job 10 Commentary

Chapter 10

Job complains of his hardships. (1-7) He pleads with God as his Maker. (8-13) He complains of God's severity. (14-22)

Verses 1-7 Job, being weary of his life, resolves to complain, but he will not charge God with unrighteousness. Here is a prayer that he might be delivered from the sting of his afflictions, which is sin. When God afflicts us, he contends with us; when he contends with us, there is always a reason; and it is desirable to know the reason, that we may repent of and forsake the sin for which God has a controversy with us. But when, like Job, we speak in the bitterness of our souls, we increase guilt and vexation. Let us harbour no hard thoughts of God; we shall hereafter see there was no cause for them. Job is sure that God does not discover things, nor judge of them, as men do; therefore he thinks it strange that God continues him under affliction, as if he must take time to inquire into his sin.

Verses 8-13 Job seems to argue with God, as if he only formed and preserved him for misery. God made us, not we ourselves. How sad that those bodies should be instruments of unrighteousness, which are capable of being temples of the Holy Ghost! But the soul is the life, the soul is the man, and this is the gift of God. If we plead with ourselves as an inducement to duty, God made me and maintains me, we may plead as an argument for mercy, Thou hast made me, do thou new-make me; I am thine, save me.

Verses 14-22 Job did not deny that as a sinner he deserved his sufferings; but he thought that justice was executed upon him with peculiar rigour. His gloom, unbelief, and hard thoughts of God, were as much to be ascribed to Satan's inward temptations, and his anguish of soul, under the sense of God's displeasure, as to his outward trials, and remaining depravity. Our Creator, become in Christ our Redeemer also, will not destroy the work of his hands in any humble believer; but will renew him unto holiness, that he may enjoy eternal life. If anguish on earth renders the grave a desirable refuge, what will be their condition who are condemned to the blackness of darkness for ever? Let every sinner seek deliverance from that dreadful state, and every believer be thankful to Jesus, who delivereth from the wrath to come.

Cross References 45

  • 1. S Numbers 11:15; S 1 Kings 19:4
  • 2. S 1 Samuel 1:10; S Job 7:11; Job 9:18,21
  • 3. Job 13:3; Job 40:1
  • 4. Job 9:29; Isaiah 3:13; Hosea 4:1; Hosea 5:1; Hosea 12:2; Micah 6:2; Romans 8:33
  • 5. S Job 9:3
  • 6. S Job 9:22; Job 16:9,14; Job 19:6,21; Job 22:10; Job 30:13,21; Job 31:23; Job 34:6
  • 7. ver 8; Genesis 1:26; S Job 4:17; Job 14:15; Job 34:19; Psalms 8:6; Psalms 95:6; Psalms 100:3; Psalms 138:8; Psalms 149:2; Isaiah 60:21; Isaiah 64:8
  • 8. S Job 9:24; Job 21:16; Job 22:18
  • 9. 1 Samuel 16:7; Job 11:11; Job 14:16; Job 24:23; Job 28:24; Job 31:4; Job 34:21; Job 41:11; Psalms 11:4; Psalms 33:15; Psalms 119:168; Psalms 139:12; Proverbs 5:21; Proverbs 15:3; Jeremiah 11:20-23; Jeremiah 16:17
  • 10. Job 36:26; Psalms 39:5; Psalms 90:2,4; Psalms 102:24; 2 Peter 3:8
  • 11. Job 14:16
  • 12. ver 15; S Job 6:29; Job 11:4; Job 16:17; Job 27:5,6; Job 31:6; Job 32:1
  • 13. S Deuteronomy 32:39
  • 14. Genesis 2:7; Psalms 119:73
  • 15. S ver 3; S 2 Samuel 14:14; S Job 30:15
  • 16. S Job 4:19; Isaiah 29:16; Isaiah 64:8
  • 17. S Genesis 2:7; S Job 7:21
  • 18. Psalms 139:13,15
  • 19. S Genesis 2:7; Job 33:4
  • 20. S Genesis 24:12
  • 21. S Genesis 45:5
  • 22. 1 Peter 2:25
  • 23. Job 23:13; Psalms 115:3
  • 24. Job 13:27
  • 25. S Exodus 34:7; S Job 7:21
  • 26. S ver 7
  • 27. S Job 9:13; Isaiah 3:11
  • 28. S Job 9:15
  • 29. Psalms 25:16
  • 30. S 1 Samuel 17:34; Psalms 7:2; Isaiah 38:13; Jeremiah 5:6; Jeremiah 25:38; Lamentations 3:10; Hosea 5:14; Hosea 13:7
  • 31. Job 5:9; Isaiah 28:21; Isaiah 29:14; Isaiah 65:7
  • 32. 1 Kings 21:10; Job 16:8
  • 33. Ruth 1:21
  • 34. S Job 5:7
  • 35. S Job 3:8; S Psalms 22:9; Job 3:11
  • 36. Job 3:26; Ecclesiastes 4:2; Ecclesiastes 7:1
  • 37. S Job 3:3; Jeremiah 15:10
  • 38. Job 14:1; Ecclesiastes 6:12
  • 39. S Job 7:7; Job 7:19
  • 40. S Job 7:16
  • 41. S Job 9:25
  • 42. S 2 Samuel 12:23; S Job 3:13; Job 16:22; Psalms 39:13; Ecclesiastes 12:5
  • 43. S Job 3:5; Psalms 23:4; Psalms 88:12
  • 44. S Job 3:5
  • 45. S 1 Samuel 2:9; S Job 3:13

Footnotes 1

Chapter Summary


Job here declares the greatness of his afflictions, which made him weary of his life, and could not help complaining; entreats the Lord not to condemn him but show him the reason of his thus dealing with him, Job 10:1,2; and expostulates with him about it, and suggests as if it was severe, and not easily reconciled to his perfections, when he knew he was not a wicked man, Job 10:3-7; he puts him in mind of his formation and preservation of him, and after all destroyed him, Job 10:8-12; and represents his case as very distressed; whether he was wicked or righteous it mattered not, his afflictions were increasing upon him, Job 10:13-17; and all this he observes, in order to justify his eager desire after death, which he renews, Job 10:18,19; and entreats, since his days he had to live were but few, that God would give him some respite before he went into another state, which he describes, Job 10:20-22.

Job 10 Commentaries

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