Then we turned back and set out toward the desert along the route to the Red Sea,a1 as the LORD had directed me. For a long time we made our way around the hill country of Seir.22
Then the LORD said to me,
"You have made your way around this hill country long enough;3 now turn north.
Give the people these orders:4 'You are about to pass through the territory of your brothers the descendants of Esau,5 who live in Seir.6 They will be afraid7 of you, but be very careful.
Do not provoke them to war, for I will not give you any of their land, not even enough to put your foot on. I have given Esau the hill country of Seir as his own.86
You are to pay them in silver for the food you eat and the water you drink.' "
The LORD your God has blessed you in all the work of your hands. He has watched9 over your journey through this vast desert.10 These forty years11 the LORD your God has been with you, and you have not lacked anything.128
So we went on past our brothers the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. We turned from13 the Arabah14 road, which comes up from Elath and Ezion Geber,15 and traveled along the desert road of Moab.169
Then the LORD said to me, "Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war, for I will not give you any part of their land. I have given Ar17 to the descendants of Lot18 as a possession."
(The Emites19 used to live there--a people strong and numerous, and as tall as the Anakites.2011
Like the Anakites, they too were considered Rephaites,21 but the Moabites called them Emites.
Horites22 used to live in Seir, but the descendants of Esau drove them out. They destroyed the Horites from before them and settled in their place, just as Israel did23 in the land the LORD gave them as their possession.)
And the LORD said, "Now get up and cross the Zered Valley.24" So we crossed the valley.
Thirty-eight years25 passed from the time we left Kadesh Barnea26 until we crossed the Zered Valley. By then, that entire generation27 of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.2815
The LORD's hand was against them until he had completely eliminated29 them from the camp.
Now when the last of these fighting men among the people had died,
the LORD said to me,
"Today you are to pass by the region of Moab at Ar.3019
When you come to the Ammonites,31 do not harass them or provoke them to war,32 for I will not give you possession of any land belonging to the Ammonites. I have given it as a possession to the descendants of Lot.33"
(That too was considered a land of the Rephaites,34 who used to live there; but the Ammonites called them Zamzummites.
They were a people strong and numerous, and as tall as the Anakites.35 The LORD destroyed them from before the Ammonites, who drove them out and settled in their place.
The LORD had done the same for the descendants of Esau, who lived in Seir,36 when he destroyed the Horites from before them. They drove them out and have lived in their place to this day.
And as for the Avvites37 who lived in villages as far as Gaza,38 the Caphtorites39 coming out from Caphtorb40 destroyed them and settled in their place.)
"Set out now and cross the Arnon Gorge.41 See, I have given into your hand Sihon the Amorite,42 king of Heshbon, and his country. Begin to take possession of it and engage43 him in battle.
This very day I will begin to put the terror44 and fear45 of you on all the nations under heaven. They will hear reports of you and will tremble46 and be in anguish because of you."
From the desert of Kedemoth47 I sent messengers to Sihon48 king of Heshbon offering peace49 and saying,
"Let us pass through your country. We will stay on the main road; we will not turn aside to the right or to the left.5028
Sell us food to eat51 and water to drink for their price in silver. Only let us pass through on foot52--
as the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir, and the Moabites, who live in Ar, did for us--until we cross the Jordan into the land the LORD our God is giving us."
But Sihon king of Heshbon refused to let us pass through. For the LORD53 your God had made his spirit stubborn54 and his heart obstinate55 in order to give him into your hands,56 as he has now done.
The LORD said to me, "See, I have begun to deliver Sihon and his country over to you. Now begin to conquer and possess his land."5732
When Sihon and all his army came out to meet us in battle58 at Jahaz,
the LORD our God delivered59 him over to us and we struck him down,60 together with his sons and his whole army.
At that time we took all his towns and completely destroyedc61 them--men, women and children. We left no survivors.
But the livestock62 and the plunder63 from the towns we had captured we carried off for ourselves.
From Aroer64 on the rim of the Arnon Gorge, and from the town in the gorge, even as far as Gilead,65 not one town was too strong for us. The LORD our God gave66 us all of them.
But in accordance with the command of the LORD our God,67 you did not encroach on any of the land of the Ammonites,68 neither the land along the course of the Jabbok69 nor that around the towns in the hills.