Luke 20 NIV

The Authority of Jesus Questioned

20:1-8pp -- Mt 21:23-27; Mk 11:27-33

1 One day as he was teaching the people in the temple courts1 and preaching the gospel,2 the chief priests and the teachers of the law, together with the elders, came up to him.

References for Luke 20:1

2 "Tell us by what authority you are doing these things," they said. "Who gave you this authority?"3

References for Luke 20:2

3 He replied, "I will also ask you a question. Tell me,
4 John's baptism4--was it from heaven, or from men?"

References for Luke 20:4

5 They discussed it among themselves and said, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will ask, 'Why didn't you believe him?'
6 But if we say, 'From men,' all the people5 will stone us, because they are persuaded that John was a prophet."6

References for Luke 20:6

7 So they answered, "We don't know where it was from."
8 Jesus said, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things."

The Parable of the Tenants

20:9-19pp -- Mt 21:33-46; Mk 12:1-12

9 He went on to tell the people this parable: "A man planted a vineyard,7 rented it to some farmers and went away for a long time.8

References for Luke 20:9

10 At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants so they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
11 He sent another servant, but that one also they beat and treated shamefully and sent away empty-handed.
12 He sent still a third, and they wounded him and threw him out.
13 "Then the owner of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my son, whom I love;9 perhaps they will respect him.'

References for Luke 20:13

14 "But when the tenants saw him, they talked the matter over. 'This is the heir,' they said. 'Let's kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.'
15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. "What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them?
16 He will come and kill those tenants10 and give the vineyard to others." When the people heard this, they said, "May this never be!"

References for Luke 20:16

17 Jesus looked directly at them and asked, "Then what is the meaning of that which is written: " 'The stone the builders rejected has become the capstonea 'b ?11

References for Luke 20:17

    • a 20:17 - Or "cornerstone"
    • b 20:17 - Psalm 118:22
      18 Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed."12

      References for Luke 20:18

      19 The teachers of the law and the chief priests looked for a way to arrest him13 immediately, because they knew he had spoken this parable against them. But they were afraid of the people.14

      References for Luke 20:19

      Paying Taxes to Caesar

      20:20-26pp -- Mt 22:15-22; Mk 12:13-17

      20 Keeping a close watch on him, they sent spies, who pretended to be honest. They hoped to catch Jesus in something he said15 so that they might hand him over to the power and authority of the governor.16

      References for Luke 20:20

      21 So the spies questioned him: "Teacher, we know that you speak and teach what is right, and that you do not show partiality but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth.17

      References for Luke 20:21

      22 Is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"
      23 He saw through their duplicity and said to them,
      24 "Show me a denarius. Whose portrait and inscription are on it?"
      25 "Caesar's," they replied. He said to them, "Then give to Caesar what is Caesar's,18 and to God what is God's."

      References for Luke 20:25

      26 They were unable to trap him in what he had said there in public. And astonished by his answer, they became silent.

      The Resurrection and Marriage

      20:27-40pp -- Mt 22:23-33; Mk 12:18-27

      27 Some of the Sadducees,19 who say there is no resurrection,20 came to Jesus with a question.

      References for Luke 20:27

      28 "Teacher," they said, "Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man must marry the widow and have children for his brother.21

      References for Luke 20:28

      29 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married a woman and died childless.
      30 The second
      31 and then the third married her, and in the same way the seven died, leaving no children.
      32 Finally, the woman died too.
      33 Now then, at the resurrection whose wife will she be, since the seven were married to her?"
      34 Jesus replied, "The people of this age marry and are given in marriage.
      35 But those who are considered worthy of taking part in that age22 and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage,

      References for Luke 20:35

      36 and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. They are God's children,23 since they are children of the resurrection.

      References for Luke 20:36

      37 But in the account of the bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord 'the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.'c24

      References for Luke 20:37

      38 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to him all are alive."
      39 Some of the teachers of the law responded, "Well said, teacher!"
      40 And no one dared to ask him any more questions.25

      References for Luke 20:40

      Whose Son Is the Christ?

      20:41-47pp -- Mt 22:41-23:7; Mk 12:35-40

      41 Then Jesus said to them, "How is it that they say the Christd is the Son of David?26

      References for Luke 20:41

          42 David himself declares in the Book of Psalms: " 'The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand
          43 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet." 'e27

          References for Luke 20:43

          44 David calls him 'Lord.' How then can he be his son?"
          45 While all the people were listening, Jesus said to his disciples,
          46 "Beware of the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and love to be greeted in the marketplaces and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets.28

          References for Luke 20:46

          47 They devour widows' houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. Such men will be punished most severely."