My people, hear my teaching;1 listen to the words of my mouth.
References for Psalms 78:1
I will open my mouth with a parable;2 I will teach you lessons from the past--
References for Psalms 78:2
things we have heard and known, things our ancestors have told us.3
References for Psalms 78:3
We will not hide them from their descendants;4 we will tell the next generation5 the praiseworthy deeds6 of the LORD, his power, and the wonders7 he has done.
References for Psalms 78:4
He decreed statutes8 for Jacob9 and established the law in Israel, which he commanded our ancestors to teach their children,
References for Psalms 78:5
so the next generation would know them, even the children yet to be born,10 and they in turn would tell their children.
References for Psalms 78:6
Then they would put their trust in God and would not forget11 his deeds but would keep his commands.12
References for Psalms 78:7
They would not be like their ancestors13-- a stubborn14 and rebellious15 generation, whose hearts were not loyal to God, whose spirits were not faithful to him.
References for Psalms 78:8
The men of Ephraim, though armed with bows,16 turned back on the day of battle;17
References for Psalms 78:9
they did not keep God's covenant18 and refused to live by his law.19
References for Psalms 78:10
They forgot what he had done,20 the wonders he had shown them.
References for Psalms 78:11
He did miracles21 in the sight of their ancestors in the land of Egypt,22 in the region of Zoan.23
References for Psalms 78:12
He divided the sea24 and led them through; he made the water stand up like a wall.25
References for Psalms 78:13
He guided them with the cloud by day and with light from the fire all night.26
References for Psalms 78:14
He split the rocks27 in the wilderness and gave them water as abundant as the seas;
References for Psalms 78:15
he brought streams out of a rocky crag and made water flow down like rivers.
But they continued to sin28 against him, rebelling in the wilderness against the Most High.
References for Psalms 78:17
They willfully put God to the test29 by demanding the food they craved.30
References for Psalms 78:18
They spoke against God;31 they said, "Can God really spread a table in the wilderness?
References for Psalms 78:19
True, he struck the rock, and water gushed out,32 streams flowed abundantly, but can he also give us bread? Can he supply meat33 for his people?"
References for Psalms 78:20
When the LORD heard them, he was furious; his fire broke out34 against Jacob, and his wrath rose against Israel,
References for Psalms 78:21
for they did not believe in God or trust35 in his deliverance.
References for Psalms 78:22
Yet he gave a command to the skies above and opened the doors of the heavens;36
References for Psalms 78:23
he rained down manna37 for the people to eat, he gave them the grain of heaven.
References for Psalms 78:24
Human beings ate the bread of angels; he sent them all the food they could eat.
He let loose the east wind38 from the heavens and by his power made the south wind blow.
References for Psalms 78:26
He rained meat down on them like dust, birds39 like sand on the seashore.
References for Psalms 78:27
He made them come down inside their camp, all around their tents.
They ate till they were gorged--40 he had given them what they craved.
References for Psalms 78:29
But before they turned from what they craved, even while the food was still in their mouths,41
References for Psalms 78:30
God's anger rose against them; he put to death the sturdiest42 among them, cutting down the young men of Israel.
References for Psalms 78:31
In spite of all this, they kept on sinning;43 in spite of his wonders,44 they did not believe.45
References for Psalms 78:32
So he ended their days in futility46 and their years in terror.
References for Psalms 78:33
Whenever God slew them, they would seek47 him; they eagerly turned to him again.
References for Psalms 78:34
They remembered that God was their Rock,48 that God Most High was their Redeemer.49
References for Psalms 78:35
But then they would flatter him with their mouths,50 lying to him with their tongues;
References for Psalms 78:36
their hearts were not loyal51 to him, they were not faithful to his covenant.
References for Psalms 78:37
Yet he was merciful;52 he forgave53 their iniquities54 and did not destroy them. Time after time he restrained his anger55 and did not stir up his full wrath.
References for Psalms 78:38
He remembered that they were but flesh,56 a passing breeze57 that does not return.
References for Psalms 78:39
How often they rebelled58 against him in the wilderness59 and grieved him60 in the wasteland!
References for Psalms 78:40
Again and again they put God to the test;61 they vexed the Holy One of Israel.62
References for Psalms 78:41
They did not remember63 his power-- the day he redeemed them from the oppressor,64
References for Psalms 78:42
the day he displayed his signs65 in Egypt, his wonders66 in the region of Zoan.
References for Psalms 78:43
He turned their river into blood;67 they could not drink from their streams.
References for Psalms 78:44
He sent swarms of flies68 that devoured them, and frogs69 that devastated them.
References for Psalms 78:45
He gave their crops to the grasshopper,70 their produce to the locust.71
References for Psalms 78:46
He destroyed their vines with hail72 and their sycamore-figs with sleet.
References for Psalms 78:47
He gave over their cattle to the hail, their livestock73 to bolts of lightning.
References for Psalms 78:48
He unleashed against them his hot anger,74 his wrath, indignation and hostility-- a band of destroying angels.75
References for Psalms 78:49
He prepared a path for his anger; he did not spare them from death but gave them over to the plague.
He struck down all the firstborn of Egypt,76 the firstfruits of manhood in the tents of Ham.77
References for Psalms 78:51
But he brought his people out like a flock;78 he led them like sheep through the wilderness.
References for Psalms 78:52
He guided them safely, so they were unafraid; but the sea engulfed79 their enemies.80
References for Psalms 78:53
And so he brought them to the border of his holy land, to the hill country his right hand81 had taken.
References for Psalms 78:54
He drove out nations82 before them and allotted their lands to them as an inheritance;83 he settled the tribes of Israel in their homes.
References for Psalms 78:55
But they put God to the test and rebelled against the Most High; they did not keep his statutes.
Like their ancestors84 they were disloyal and faithless, as unreliable as a faulty bow.85
References for Psalms 78:57
They angered him86 with their high places;87 they aroused his jealousy with their idols.88
References for Psalms 78:58
When God heard89 them, he was furious;90 he rejected Israel91 completely.
References for Psalms 78:59
He abandoned the tabernacle of Shiloh,92 the tent he had set up among mortals.93
References for Psalms 78:60
He sent the ark of his might94 into captivity,95 his splendor into the hands of the enemy.
References for Psalms 78:61
He gave his people over to the sword;96 he was furious with his inheritance.97
References for Psalms 78:62
Fire consumed98 their young men, and their young women had no wedding songs;99
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their priests were put to the sword,100 and their widows could not weep.
References for Psalms 78:64
Then the Lord awoke as from sleep,101 as a warrior wakes from the stupor of wine.
References for Psalms 78:65
He beat back his enemies; he put them to everlasting shame.102
References for Psalms 78:66
Then he rejected the tents of Joseph, he did not choose the tribe of Ephraim;103
References for Psalms 78:67
but he chose the tribe of Judah,104 Mount Zion,105 which he loved.
References for Psalms 78:68
He built his sanctuary106 like the heights, like the earth that he established forever.
References for Psalms 78:69
He chose David107 his servant and took him from the sheep pens;
References for Psalms 78:70
from tending the sheep108 he brought him to be the shepherd109 of his people Jacob, of Israel his inheritance.
References for Psalms 78:71
And David shepherded them with integrity of heart;110 with skillful hands he led them.
References for Psalms 78:72