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Compare Translations for Exodus 21:18

Exodus 21:18 ASV
And if men contend, and one smite the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed;
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Exodus 21:18 BBE
If, in a fight, one man gives another a blow with a stone, or with the shut hand, not causing his death, but making him keep in bed;
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Exodus 21:18 CEB
When two people are fighting and one hits the other with a stone or with his fist so that he is in bed for a while but doesn't die—
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Exodus 21:18 CJB
"If two people fight, and one hits the other with a stone or with his fist, and the injured party doesn't die but is confined to his bed;
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Exodus 21:18 RHE
If men quarrel, and the one strike his neighbour with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:
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Exodus 21:18 ESV
"When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist and the man does not die but takes to his bed,
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Exodus 21:18 GW
"This is what you must do whenever men quarrel and one hits the other with a rock or with his fist and injures him so that he has to stay in bed.
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Exodus 21:18 GNT
"If there is a fight and someone hits someone else with a stone or with his fist, but does not kill him, he is not to be punished. If the one who was hit has to stay in bed, but later is able to get up and walk outside with the help of a cane, the one who hit him is to pay for his lost time and take care of him until he gets well.
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Exodus 21:18 HNV
"If men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but is confined to bed;
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Exodus 21:18 CSB
"When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or fist, and the injured man does not die but is confined to bed,
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Exodus 21:18 KJV
And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:
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Exodus 21:18 LEB
" 'And if men quarrel and a man strikes his neighbor with a stone or with a fist and he does not die, but {he is confined to bed},
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Exodus 21:18 NAS
"If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but remains in bed,
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Exodus 21:18 NCV
"If two men argue, and one hits the other with a rock or with his fist, the one who is hurt but not killed might have to stay in bed.
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Exodus 21:18 NIRV
"Suppose two men get into a fight and argue with each other. One hits the other with a stone or his fist. He does not die but has to stay in bed.
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Exodus 21:18 NIV
"If men quarrel and one hits the other with a stone or with his fist and he does not die but is confined to bed,
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Exodus 21:18 NKJV
"If men contend with each other, and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but is confined to his bed,
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Exodus 21:18 NLT
"Now suppose two people quarrel, and one hits the other with a stone or fist, causing injury but not death.
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Exodus 21:18 NRS
When individuals quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or fist so that the injured party, though not dead, is confined to bed,
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Exodus 21:18 RSV
"When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist and the man does not die but keeps his bed,
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Exodus 21:18 DBY
And if men dispute, and one strike the other with a stone, or with the fist, and he die not, but take to [his] bed,
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Exodus 21:18 MSG
"If a quarrel breaks out and one hits the other with a rock or a fist and the injured one doesn't die but is confined to bed
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Exodus 21:18 WBT
And if men contend together, and one shall smite another with a stone, or with [his] fist, and he shall not die, but keep [his] bed:
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Exodus 21:18 TMB
"And if men strive together and one smite another with a stone or with his fist, and he die not but keepeth to his bed,
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Exodus 21:18 TNIV
"If two people quarrel and one hits the other with a stone or with a fist and the victim does not die but is confined to bed,
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Exodus 21:18 TYN
Yf men stryue together and one smyte another with a stone or with his fyste, so that he dye not, but lyeth in bedd:
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Exodus 21:18 WEB
"If men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but is confined to bed;
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Exodus 21:18 WYC
If men chide, and the tother smite his neighbour with a stone, or with the fist, and he is not dead, but lieth in the bed,
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Exodus 21:18 YLT
`And when men contend, and a man hath smitten his neighbour with a stone, or with the fist, and he die not, but hath fallen on the bed;
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Exodus 21 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 21

Laws respecting servants. (1-11) Judicial laws. (12-21) Judicial laws. (22-36)

Verses 1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.

Verses 12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But "man-stealing," the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, ( Ephesians 6:9 ) , considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? ( Job 31:13 Job 31:14 ) .

Verses 22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.

Exodus 21 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 21

Exodus 21:1-6 . LAWS FOR MENSERVANTS.

1. judgments--rules for regulating the procedure of judges and magistrates in the decision of cases and the trial of criminals. The government of the Israelites being a theocracy, those public authorities were the servants of the Divine Sovereign, and subject to His direction. Most of these laws here noticed were primitive usages, founded on principles of natural equity, and incorporated, with modifications and improvements, in the Mosaic code.

2-6. If thou buy an Hebrew servant--Every Israelite was free-born; but slavery was permitted under certain restrictions. An Hebrew might be made a slave through poverty, debt, or crime; but at the end of six years he was entitled to freedom, and his wife, if she had voluntarily shared his state of bondage, also obtained release. Should he, however, have married a female slave, she and the children, after the husband's liberation, remained the master's property; and if, through attachment to his family, the Hebrew chose to forfeit his privilege and abide as he was, a formal process was gone through in a public court, and a brand of servitude stamped on his ear ( Psalms 40:6 ) for life, or at least till the Jubilee ( Deuteronomy 15:17 ).

Exodus 21:7-36 . LAWS FOR MAIDSERVANTS.

7-11. if a man sell his daughter--Hebrew girls might be redeemed for a reasonable sum. But in the event of her parents or friends being unable to pay the redemption money, her owner was not at liberty to sell her elsewhere. Should she have been betrothed to him or his son, and either change their minds, a maintenance must be provided for her suitable to her condition as his intended wife, or her freedom instantly granted.

23-25. eye for eye--The law which authorized retaliation (a principle acted upon by all primitive people) was a civil one. It was given to regulate the procedure of the public magistrate in determining the amount of compensation in every case of injury, but did not encourage feelings of private revenge. The later Jews, however, mistook it for a moral precept, and were corrected by our Lord ( Matthew 5:38-42 ).

28-36. If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die--For the purpose of sanctifying human blood, and representing all injuries affecting life in a serious light, an animal that occasioned death was to be killed or suffer punishment proportioned to the degree of damage it had caused. Punishments are still inflicted on this principle in Persia and other countries of the East; and among a rude people greater effect is thus produced in inspiring caution, and making them keep noxious animals under restraint, than a penalty imposed on the owners.

30. If there be laid on him a sum of money, &c.--Blood fines are common among the Arabs as they were once general throughout the East. This is the only case where a money compensation, instead of capital punishment, was expressly allowed in the Mosaic law.