Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilleda among us,
just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first1 were eyewitnesses2 and servants of the word.33
Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account4 for you, most excellent5 Theophilus,64
so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.7
In the time of Herod king of Judea8 there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abijah;9 his wife Elizabeth was also a descendant of Aaron.
Both of them were upright in the sight of God, observing all the Lord's commandments and regulations blamelessly.107
But they had no children, because Elizabeth was barren; and they were both well along in years.
Once when Zechariah's division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God,119
he was chosen by lot,12 according to the custom of the priesthood, to go into the temple of the Lord and burn incense.1310
And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside.1411
Then an angel15 of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense.1612
When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear.1713
But the angel said to him: "Do not be afraid,18 Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to give him the name John.1914
He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth,2015
for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink,21 and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit22 even from birth.b2316
Many of the people of Israel will he bring back to the Lord their God.
And he will go on before the Lord,24 in the spirit and power of Elijah,25 to turn the hearts of the fathers to their children26 and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous--to make ready a people prepared for the Lord."2718
Zechariah asked the angel, "How can I be sure of this?28 I am an old man and my wife is well along in years."2919
The angel answered, "I am Gabriel.30 I stand in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news.
And now you will be silent and not able to speak31 until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their proper time."
Meanwhile, the people were waiting for Zechariah and wondering why he stayed so long in the temple.
When he came out, he could not speak to them. They realized he had seen a vision in the temple, for he kept making signs32 to them but remained unable to speak.
When his time of service was completed, he returned home.
After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in seclusion.
"The Lord has done this for me," she said. "In these days he has shown his favor and taken away my disgrace33 among the people."
In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel34 to Nazareth,35 a town in Galilee,
to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph,36 a descendant of David. The virgin's name was Mary.
The angel went to her and said, "Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you."
Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.
But the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid,37 Mary, you have found favor with God.3831
You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus.3932
He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High.40 The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David,4133
and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom42 will never end."4334
"How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?"
The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you,44 and the power of the Most High45 will overshadow you. So the holy one46 to be born will be calledc the Son of God.4736
Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child48 in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month.
For nothing is impossible with God."4938
"I am the Lord's servant," Mary answered. "May it be to me as you have said." Then the angel left her.
At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea,5040
where she entered Zechariah's home and greeted Elizabeth.
When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.5142
In a loud voice she exclaimed: "Blessed are you among women,52 and blessed is the child you will bear!
But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord 53 should come to me?
As soon as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy.
Blessed is she who has believed that what the Lord has said to her will be accomplished!"
And Mary said: "My soul glorifies the Lord 5447
and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,5548
for he has been mindful of the humble state of his servant.56 From now on all generations will call me blessed,5749
for the Mighty One has done great things58 for me-- holy is his name.5950
His mercy extends to those who fear him, from generation to generation.6051
He has performed mighty deeds with his arm;61 he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts.6252
He has brought down rulers from their thrones but has lifted up the humble.6353
He has filled the hungry with good things64 but has sent the rich away empty.
He has helped his servant Israel, remembering to be merciful6555
to Abraham and his descendants66 forever, even as he said to our fathers."
Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months and then returned home.
When it was time for Elizabeth to have her baby, she gave birth to a son.
Her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown her great mercy, and they shared her joy.
On the eighth day they came to circumcise67 the child, and they were going to name him after his father Zechariah,
but his mother spoke up and said, "No! He is to be called John."6861
They said to her, "There is no one among your relatives who has that name."
Then they made signs69 to his father, to find out what he would like to name the child.
He asked for a writing tablet, and to everyone's astonishment he wrote, "His name is John."7064
Immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue was loosed, and he began to speak,71 praising God.
The neighbors were all filled with awe, and throughout the hill country of Judea72 people were talking about all these things.
Everyone who heard this wondered about it, asking, "What then is this child going to be?" For the Lord's hand was with him.73
His father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit74 and prophesied:7568
"Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel,76 because he has come and has redeemed his people.7769
He has raised up a hornd78 of salvation for us in the house of his servant David7970
(as he said through his holy prophets of long ago),8071
salvation from our enemies and from the hand of all who hate us--
to show mercy to our fathers81 and to remember his holy covenant,8273
the oath he swore to our father Abraham:8374
to rescue us from the hand of our enemies, and to enable us to serve him84 without fear8575
in holiness and righteousness86 before him all our days.
And you, my child, will be called a prophet87 of the Most High;88 for you will go on before the Lord to prepare the way for him,8977
to give his people the knowledge of salvation through the forgiveness of their sins,9078
because of the tender mercy of our God, by which the rising sun91 will come to us from heaven
to shine on those living in darkness and in the shadow of death,92 to guide our feet into the path of peace."9380
And the child grew and became strong in spirit;94 and he lived in the desert until he appeared publicly to Israel.