Psalms 73



Psalms 73–89


A psalm of Asaph.

1 Surely God is good to Israel, to those who are pure in heart.
2 But as for me, my feet had almost slipped; I had nearly lost my foothold.
3 For I envied the arrogant when I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
4 They have no struggles; their bodies are healthy and strong.[a]
5 They are free from common human burdens; they are not plagued by human ills.
6 Therefore pride is their necklace; they clothe themselves with violence.
7 From their callous hearts comes iniquity[b] ; their evil imaginations have no limits.
8 They scoff, and speak with malice; with arrogance they threaten oppression.
9 Their mouths lay claim to heaven, and their tongues take possession of the earth.
10 Therefore their people turn to them and drink up waters in abundance.[c]
11 They say, “How would God know? Does the Most High know anything?”
12 This is what the wicked are like— always free of care, they go on amassing wealth.
13 Surely in vain I have kept my heart pure and have washed my hands in innocence.
14 All day long I have been afflicted, and every morning brings new punishments.
15 If I had spoken out like that, I would have betrayed your children.
16 When I tried to understand all this, it troubled me deeply
17 till I entered the sanctuary of God; then I understood their final destiny.
18 Surely you place them on slippery ground; you cast them down to ruin.
19 How suddenly are they destroyed, completely swept away by terrors!
20 They are like a dream when one awakes; when you arise, Lord, you will despise them as fantasies.
21 When my heart was grieved and my spirit embittered,
22 I was senseless and ignorant; I was a brute beast before you.
23 Yet I am always with you; you hold me by my right hand.
24 You guide me with your counsel, and afterward you will take me into glory.
25 Whom have I in heaven but you? And earth has nothing I desire besides you.
26 My flesh and my heart may fail, but God is the strength of my heart and my portion forever.
27 Those who are far from you will perish; you destroy all who are unfaithful to you.
28 But as for me, it is good to be near God. I have made the Sovereign LORD my refuge; I will tell of all your deeds.

Images for Psalms 73

Psalms 73 Commentary

Chapter 73

The psalmist's temptation. (1-14) How he gained a victory over it. (15-20) How he profited by it. (21-28)

Verses 1-14 The psalmist was strongly tempted to envy the prosperity of the wicked; a common temptation, which has tried the graces of many saints. But he lays down the great principle by which he resolved to abide. It is the goodness of God. This is a truth which cannot be shaken. Good thoughts of God will fortify against Satan's temptations. The faith even of strong believers may be sorely shaken, and ready to fail. There are storms that will try the firmest anchors. Foolish and wicked people have sometimes a great share of outward prosperity. They seem to have the least share of the troubles of this life; and they seem to have the greatest share of its comforts. They live without the fear of God, yet they prosper, and get on in the world. Wicked men often spend their lives without much sickness, and end them without great pain; while many godly persons scarcely know what health is, and die with great sufferings. Often the wicked are not frightened, either by the remembrance of their sins, or the prospect of their misery, but they die without terror. We cannot judge men's state beyond death, by what passes at their death. He looked abroad, and saw many of God's people greatly at a loss. Because the wicked are so very daring, therefore his people return hither; they know not what to say to it, and the rather, because they drink deep of the bitter cup of affliction. He spoke feelingly when he spoke of his own troubles; there is no disputing against sense, except by faith. From all this arose a strong temptation to cast off religion. But let us learn that the true course of sanctification consists in cleansing a man from all pollution both of soul and body. The heart is cleansed by the blood of Christ laid hold upon by faith; and by the begun works of the Lord's Spirit, manifested in the hearty resolution, purpose, and study of holiness, and a blameless course of life and actions, the hands are cleansed. It is not in vain to serve God and keep his ordinances.

Verses 15-20 The psalmist having shown the progress of his temptation, shows how faith and grace prevailed. He kept up respect for God's people, and with that he restrained himself from speaking what he had thought amiss. It is a sign that we repent of the evil thoughts of the heart, if we suppress them. Nothing gives more offence to God's children, than to say it is vain to serve God; for there is nothing more contrary to their universal experience. He prayed to God to make this matter plain to him; and he understood the wretched end of wicked people; even in the height of their prosperity they were but ripening for ruin. The sanctuary must be the resort of a tempted soul. The righteous man's afflictions end in peace, therefore he is happy; the wicked man's enjoyments end in destruction, therefore he is miserable. The prosperity of the wicked is short and uncertain, slippery places. See what their prosperity is; it is but a vain show, it is only a corrupt imagination, not substance, but a mere shadow; it is as a dream, which may please us a little while we are slumbering, yet even then it disturbs our repose.

Verses 21-28 God would not suffer his people to be tempted, if his grace were not sufficient, not only to save them from harm, but to make them gainers by it. This temptation, the working of envy and discontent, is very painful. In reflecting upon it, the psalmist owns it was his folly and ignorance thus to vex himself. If good men, at any time, through the surprise and strength of temptation, think, or speak, or act amiss, they will reflect upon it with sorrow and shame. We must ascribe our safety in temptation, and our victory, not to our own wisdom, but to the gracious presence of God with us, and Christ's intercession for us. All who commit themselves to God, shall be guided with the counsel both of his word and of his Spirit, the best counsellors here, and shall be received to his glory in another world; the believing hopes and prospects of which will reconcile us to all dark providences. And the psalmist was hereby quickened to cleave the closer to God. Heaven itself could not make us happy without the presence and love of our God. The world and all its glory vanishes. The body will fail by sickness, age, and death; when the flesh fails, the conduct, courage, and comfort fail. But Christ Jesus, our Lord, offers to be all in all to every poor sinner, who renounces all other portions and confidences. By sin we are all far from God. And a profession Christ, if we go on in sin, will increase our condemnation. May we draw near, and keep near, to our God, by faith and prayer, and find it good to do so. Those that with an upright heart put their trust in God, shall never want matter for thanksgiving to him. Blessed Lord, who hast so graciously promised to become our portion in the next world, prevent us from choosing any other in this.

Cross References 44

  • 1. S Psalms 24:4; Matthew 5:8
  • 2. S Deuteronomy 32:35
  • 3. Psalms 69:2; Ephesians 4:27
  • 4. Psalms 37:1; Proverbs 3:31; Proverbs 23:17; Proverbs 24:1-2
  • 5. S Job 9:24; S Job 21:7; Jeremiah 12:1; Malachi 3:15
  • 6. Job 21:9; ver 12; Ezekiel 23:42
  • 7. S Leviticus 26:19
  • 8. S Genesis 41:42; Song of Songs 4:9; Ezekiel 16:11
  • 9. S Genesis 6:11; S Proverbs 4:17; Psalms 109:18
  • 10. S Psalms 17:10
  • 11. Psalms 41:5; Ezekiel 25:15; Colossians 3:8
  • 12. Psalms 17:10; Jude 16
  • 13. S Psalms 10:7; S Psalms 12:5
  • 14. S ver 5
  • 15. S Psalms 49:6
  • 16. S Job 9:29-31; S Job 21:15; Job 34:9
  • 17. S Genesis 44:16; Psalms 26:6
  • 18. ver 5
  • 19. Ecclesiastes 8:17
  • 20. Exodus 15:17; Psalms 15:1; Psalms 77:13
  • 21. S Job 8:13; Philippians 3:19; Psalms 37:38
  • 22. S Deuteronomy 32:35; Psalms 35:6
  • 23. S Psalms 17:13
  • 24. Deuteronomy 28:20; Proverbs 24:22; Isaiah 47:11
  • 25. S Genesis 19:15
  • 26. S Job 20:8
  • 27. Psalms 78:65; Isaiah 29:8
  • 28. Proverbs 12:11; Proverbs 28:19
  • 29. Psalms 49:10; Psalms 92:6; Psalms 94:8
  • 30. Ecclesiastes 9:12,20">Ps 4Ecclesiastes 9:12,20; Ecclesiastes 3:18; Ecclesiastes 9:12
  • 31. S Genesis 48:13
  • 32. S Psalms 48:14
  • 33. S 1 Kings 22:5; Psalms 32:8
  • 34. Psalms 16:2
  • 35. Philippians 3:8
  • 36. Psalms 84:2
  • 37. S Psalms 31:10; Psalms 40:12
  • 38. Psalms 18:1
  • 39. S Deuteronomy 32:9
  • 40. S Psalms 34:21; Psalms 119:155
  • 41. S Leviticus 6:2; Jeremiah 5:11; Hosea 4:12; Hosea 9:1
  • 42. Zephaniah 3:2; Hebrews 10:22; James 4:8
  • 43. Psalms 9:9
  • 44. Psalms 26:7; Psalms 40:5

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. With a different word division of the Hebrew; Masoretic Text "struggles at their death;" / "their bodies are healthy"
  • [b]. Syriac (see also Septuagint); Hebrew "Their eyes bulge with fat"
  • [c]. The meaning of the Hebrew for this verse is uncertain.

Chapter Summary


\\<>\\. It seems by the title that Asaph was the penman of this psalm, as it is certain that he was a composer of psalms and hymns; see 2Ch 29:30, though it may be rendered, "a psalm for Asaph", or "unto Asaph" {a}; and might have David for its author, as some think, who, having penned it, sent it to Asaph, to be made use of by him in public service; see 1Ch 16:7, and so the Targum paraphrases it, ``a song by the hands of Asaph;'' the occasion of it was a temptation the psalmist fell into, through the prosperity of the wicked, and the afflictions of the righteous, to think there was nothing in religion, that it was a vain and useless thing; under which he continued until he went into the house of God, and was taught better; when he acknowledged his stupidity and folly, and penned this psalm, to prevent others falling into the same snare, and to set forth the goodness of God to his people, with which it begins.

Psalms 73 Commentaries

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