Compare Translations for Exodus 21:5

Exodus 21:5 ASV
But if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:
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Exodus 21:5 BBE
But if the servant says clearly, My master and my wife and children are dear to me; I have no desire to be free:
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Exodus 21:5 CEB
However, if the slave clearly states, "I love my master, my wife, and my children, and I don't want to go free,"
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Exodus 21:5 CJB
Nevertheless, if the slave declares, 'I love my master, my wife and my children, so I don't want to go free,'
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Exodus 21:5 RHE
And if the servant shall say: I love my master and my wife and children, I will not go out free:
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Exodus 21:5 ESV
But if the slave plainly says, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,'
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Exodus 21:5 GW
But if he makes this statement: 'I hereby declare my love for my master, my wife, and my children. I don't want to leave as a free man,'
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Exodus 21:5 GNT
But if the slave declares that he loves his master, his wife, and his children and does not want to be set free,
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Exodus 21:5 HNV
But if the servant shall plainly say, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children. I will not go out free;'
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Exodus 21:5 CSB
"But if the slave declares: 'I love my master, my wife, and my children; I do not want to leave as a free man,'
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Exodus 21:5 KJV
And if the servant shall plainly say , I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:
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Exodus 21:5 LEB
But if the slave explicitly says, "I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,"
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Exodus 21:5 NAS
"But if the slave plainly says, 'I love my master, my wife and my children; I will not go out as a free man,'
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Exodus 21:5 NCV
"But if the slave says, 'I love my master, my wife and my children, and I don't want to go free,'
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Exodus 21:5 NIRV
"But suppose the servant says, 'I love my master and my wife and children. I don't want to go free.'
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Exodus 21:5 NIV
"But if the servant declares, 'I love my master and my wife and children and do not want to go free,'
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Exodus 21:5 NKJV
But if the servant plainly says, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,'
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Exodus 21:5 NLT
But the slave may plainly declare, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children. I would rather not go free.'
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Exodus 21:5 NRS
But if the slave declares, "I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out a free person,"
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Exodus 21:5 RSV
But if the slave plainly says, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,'
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Exodus 21:5 DBY
But if the bondman shall say distinctly, I love my master, my wife, and my children, I will not go free;
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Exodus 21:5 MSG
But suppose the slave should say, 'I love my master and my wife and children - I don't want my freedom,'
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Exodus 21:5 WBT
And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not depart free:
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Exodus 21:5 TMB
And if the servant shall plainly say, `I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,'
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Exodus 21:5 TNIV
"But if the servant declares, 'I love my master and my wife and children and do not want to go free,'
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Exodus 21:5 TYN
But and yf the servaunte saye I loue my master and my wife and my children, I will not goo out fre.
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Exodus 21:5 WEB
But if the servant shall plainly say, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children. I will not go out free;'
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Exodus 21:5 WYC
And if the servant saith, I love my lord, and my wife, and children, I will not go out free; (And if the slave saith, I love my lord, and my wife, and my children, and I shall not go out free;)
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Exodus 21:5 YLT
`And if the servant really say: I have loved my lord, my wife, and my sons -- I do not go out free;
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Exodus 21 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 21

Laws respecting servants. (1-11) Judicial laws. (12-21) Judicial laws. (22-36)

Verses 1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.

Verses 12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But "man-stealing," the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, ( Ephesians 6:9 ) , considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? ( Job 31:13 Job 31:14 ) .

Verses 22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.

Exodus 21 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 21

Exodus 21:1-6 . LAWS FOR MENSERVANTS.

1. judgments--rules for regulating the procedure of judges and magistrates in the decision of cases and the trial of criminals. The government of the Israelites being a theocracy, those public authorities were the servants of the Divine Sovereign, and subject to His direction. Most of these laws here noticed were primitive usages, founded on principles of natural equity, and incorporated, with modifications and improvements, in the Mosaic code.

2-6. If thou buy an Hebrew servant--Every Israelite was free-born; but slavery was permitted under certain restrictions. An Hebrew might be made a slave through poverty, debt, or crime; but at the end of six years he was entitled to freedom, and his wife, if she had voluntarily shared his state of bondage, also obtained release. Should he, however, have married a female slave, she and the children, after the husband's liberation, remained the master's property; and if, through attachment to his family, the Hebrew chose to forfeit his privilege and abide as he was, a formal process was gone through in a public court, and a brand of servitude stamped on his ear ( Psalms 40:6 ) for life, or at least till the Jubilee ( Deuteronomy 15:17 ).

Exodus 21:7-36 . LAWS FOR MAIDSERVANTS.

7-11. if a man sell his daughter--Hebrew girls might be redeemed for a reasonable sum. But in the event of her parents or friends being unable to pay the redemption money, her owner was not at liberty to sell her elsewhere. Should she have been betrothed to him or his son, and either change their minds, a maintenance must be provided for her suitable to her condition as his intended wife, or her freedom instantly granted.

23-25. eye for eye--The law which authorized retaliation (a principle acted upon by all primitive people) was a civil one. It was given to regulate the procedure of the public magistrate in determining the amount of compensation in every case of injury, but did not encourage feelings of private revenge. The later Jews, however, mistook it for a moral precept, and were corrected by our Lord ( Matthew 5:38-42 ).

28-36. If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die--For the purpose of sanctifying human blood, and representing all injuries affecting life in a serious light, an animal that occasioned death was to be killed or suffer punishment proportioned to the degree of damage it had caused. Punishments are still inflicted on this principle in Persia and other countries of the East; and among a rude people greater effect is thus produced in inspiring caution, and making them keep noxious animals under restraint, than a penalty imposed on the owners.

30. If there be laid on him a sum of money, &c.--Blood fines are common among the Arabs as they were once general throughout the East. This is the only case where a money compensation, instead of capital punishment, was expressly allowed in the Mosaic law.